Malaria “out of control” in Congo with sick children dying at home

NAIROBI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Malaria in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is “out of control” with many parents letting their sick children die at home because they cannot afford treatment, a medical charity said as it ramps up its emergency response.

Children under 13 made up 80 percent of the 45,000 malaria outpatients Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) has treated in the last four weeks in Haut-Uele Province in northeastern DRC.

“The situation is definitely out of control,” MSF’s emergency coordinator for DRC, Stephane Reynier de Montlaux, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in a telephone interview.

“Many people are dying … It is children that are the first victims.”

The government asked MSF to step in after recording more than 93,000 malaria cases in four health zones in the province in the first 16 weeks of 2016 – almost four times the figure for 2015.

Malaria is the leading cause of mortality in DRC, with 21 million cases in 2013, the second highest globally after Nigeria, World Health Organization data shows.

MSF said it was unclear what has caused the outbreak and is providing medicines and support, including latrines and chlorine to keep overcrowded hospitals clean.

Most patients in eastern DRC seek treatment at health posts where malaria drugs are supposed to be free.

But patients end up paying for a prescription if the drugs are out of stock and are also charged for further tests and treatment as required, Reynier de Montlaux said.

“They cannot go to the hospital just because they cannot afford the price (of treatment) and whole logistics (of getting there),” he said.

“So they go back to the village and the kid dies in the village … It’s a very recurrent story.”

There have been reports of numerous burials since the surge in malaria cases was recorded, Reynier de Montlaux said.

“I met a mother in a health center. A village she was visiting two days before lost 10 children in one week which is really enormous,” he said.

DRC is one of the poorest countries in the world, lacking basic infrastructure like roads and health posts.

Eastern Congo, home to numerous militias, is plagued by bouts of volatility following a regional conflict between 1996 and 2003, which sucked in more than half a dozen countries.

Four out of 10 children diagnosed with malaria by MSF also had severe malnutrition, complicating their treatment.

MSF has admitted 1,600 malaria patients to hospital over the past four weeks because they required intensive care, such as blood transfusions and oxygen therapy.

(Reporting by Katy Migiro; Editing by Katie Nguyen.; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women’s rights, trafficking, property rights and climate change. Visit to see more stories.)

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