The UN Security Council has said it is alarmed by ties between Nigeria’s Boko Haram Islamist militants and the Islamic State (IS) group.
In a statement, it said Boko Haram – which pledged allegiance to IS in 2015 – continued to “undermine the peace and stability” in West and Central Africa.
Meanwhile, a senior US official said there were reports of Boko Haram fighters joining IS in Libya.
Nigeria is to host a summit on Saturday on fighting Boko Haram.
President Muhammadu Buhari will welcome counterparts from Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger for the gathering in Abuja, along with French President Francois Hollande, UK Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond and US Deputy Secretary of State Antony Blinken.
In the statement, the 15-member UN Security Council expressed “alarm at Boko Haram’s linkages with the Islamic State”.
It also voiced its support for Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari’s “crucial initiative” to hold the security summit in Abuja.
Meanwhile, Mr Blinken – who is already in Nigeria – said he was concerned by reports that Boko Haram militants were going to Libya, where IS influence has grown in recent months.
“We’ve seen that Boko Haram’s ability to communicate has become more effective,” he said.
“They seem to have benefited from assistance from Daesh [IS].”
Mr Blinken added: “So these are all elements that suggests that there are more contacts and more co-operation, and this is again something that we are looking at very carefully because we want to cut it off.”
At the same time, he declined to comment on whether the US would agree to a Nigerian request to sell it American war planes to fight Boko Haram.
The UK foreign secretary said Britain was training 1,000 Nigerian soldiers to attack Boko Haram strongholds in the north-east.
Mr Hammond said the Islamist group was being “degraded”, adding: “We must maintain the momentum to win the war, and build the right conditions for post-conflict stability in the region”.
Boko Haram at a glance
- Founded in 2002, initially focused on opposing Western-style education – Boko Haram means “Western education is forbidden” in the Hausa language
- Launched military operations in 2009
- Thousands killed, mostly in north-eastern Nigeria, hundreds abducted, including at least 200 schoolgirls
- Joined so-called Islamic State, now calls itself IS’s “West African province”
- Seized large area in north-east, where it declared caliphate
- Regional force has retaken most territory this year
Who are Boko Haram?
Boko Haram militants have been attacking civilian targets as the Nigerian military seeks to wrest territory from their control.
The Islamist group’s seven-year insurgency has killed some 20,000 people and driven more than two million people from their homes.